How Often Should I Pump If I'm Breastfeeding? Understanding Frequency

Breastfeeding is a deeply personal and vital aspect of early motherhood, ensuring your baby gets the best start in life. While the natural approach is often highlighted, many mothers turn to breast pumps as a practical tool in their journey. Whether you're returning to work, facing challenges with direct breastfeeding, or simply needing a break, understanding the dynamics of pumping is crucial.

One of the most common questions that arises is, "How often should I pump if I'm breastfeeding?" In this guide, we'll provide guidelines on the ideal pumping frequency and volume, offer insights on gauging if your baby is getting enough milk, and share essential strategies to make breast pumping more efficient and easier for you.

Benefits of Using Breast Pump

A breast pump can be a lifesaver for nursing mothers, offering a range of benefits that support both the physical aspects of breastfeeding and the lifestyle needs of new moms. Here are some of the key advantages:

  • Flexibility and Convenience: Breast pumps allow you to collect and store breast milk, enabling others to feed the baby when you need to rest, work, or attend to other responsibilities. This flexibility can be especially crucial for mothers returning to work or those who need to be away from their baby for extended periods.
  • Maintaining Milk Supply: Regular use of a breast pump can help maintain and even boost your milk supply, especially during times when direct breastfeeding isn't possible. Pumping can stimulate the breasts to produce more milk over time. This is crucial for mothers who may experience challenges with supply due to various reasons or those who need to encourage milk production right from the start.
  • Relief from Engorgement: Breast engorgement is a common issue, especially in the early days of breastfeeding when milk supply is adjusting. Pumping can relieve the discomfort of engorgement and prevent complications such as blocked milk ducts and mastitis.
eufy hands free breast pump

How Often Should You Pump?

Determining how often to pump is crucial for maintaining a healthy milk supply and ensuring that your baby has enough milk when needed. The frequency of pumping can vary based on several factors, including your baby's age, your milk supply, and whether you're supplementing breastfeeding with pumping or exclusively pumping. Here are some general guidelines to help you establish a pumping routine:

For Newborns or Exclusively Pumping

If you're exclusively pumping or trying to establish a supply to match that of a newborn's feeding schedule, aim to pump every 2-3 hours, or about 8-12 times in 24 hours. Newborns typically eat frequently, and matching their feeding rhythm can help stimulate your milk production effectively.

Supplementing Breastfeeding with Pumping

If you are breastfeeding but also need to pump to build up a supply or for occasional bottle feeding, you might pump after nursing sessions or replace one nursing session with a pumping session. This helps keep your supply up and gives you a stash of milk for times when direct breastfeeding isn't possible.

Adjusting as Your Baby Grows

As babies grow and start consuming more during each feeding but feed less frequently, you can adjust your pumping schedule accordingly. Pumping every 3-4 hours may be sufficient for older infants. Keep a close watch on your milk supply and your baby's demand, and adjust your pumping frequency to ensure you are meeting their needs.

Back to Work

For mothers with older babies that are returning to work, the general recommendation is to pump as often as your baby would normally feed if you were together. This might mean pumping every 3-4 hours during your workday, which translates to about 3 times during an average 8-hour work shift. For example, you can pump once mid-morning, at lunchtime and then mid-afternoon.

Night Pumping

While it might be tempting to skip night-time sessions, pumping once during the night can help maintain milk supply, especially if your baby starts sleeping through the night. Prolactin levels are higher during night-time hours, making it an optimal time for milk production.

Listening to Your Body

Every mother's body is different. Pay attention to signs from your body, such as engorgement or leaking, which indicate it might be time to pump. Similarly, if you notice a decrease in supply, adding a pumping session can help.

store milk in zip top bag

How Much Milk Should You Pump?

Now that you understand the ideal frequency, you might be wondering how much milk you should pump each session. The amount of milk you should pump varies widely depending on several factors, including the age of your baby, the frequency of pumping, and individual physiological differences. Here are some guidelines to help you gauge:

Newborn to One Month

Babies typically consume about 1 to 1.5 ounces (30-45 ml) of breast milk per feeding in the early weeks. If you're exclusively pumping, aim to collect roughly 2 to 3 ounces (60-90 ml) from both breasts combined per session, gradually increasing as your baby grows and your supply establishes.

One to Six Months

As your baby grows, their intake will increase. On average, babies between one to six months old consume about 3 to 5 ounces (90-150 ml) per feeding. If you are exclusively pumping, you might expect to pump around 25 to 35 ounces (750-1050 ml) of milk per day, divided across 8-10 pumping sessions.

Six Months and Beyond

Once solid foods are introduced, your baby may need less breast milk at each feeding. Pay attention to your baby's cues and how much they consume at a typical feeding to adjust your pumping output accordingly.

Calculating Total Daily Volume

To estimate how much milk your baby needs in a 24-hour period, a useful rule of thumb is to multiply your baby's weight in pounds by 2.5. For example, a 10-pound baby might require about 25 ounces of breast milk per day. Adjust your pumping to meet these needs.

How to Tell You If Your Milk Is Enough for Your Baby?

Ensuring your baby gets enough milk is a common concern for breastfeeding mothers. Understanding the signs that indicate your milk supply is sufficient can provide peace of mind and help you maintain a healthy breastfeeding routine. Here are key indicators to watch for:

Consistent Weight Gain

Regular weight checks are one of the most reliable indicators. A healthy newborn should regain their birth weight by about two weeks of age and continue to gain weight steadily after that. Most babies gain about 4-7 ounces per week for the first few months.

Wet and Dirty Diapers

A good milk supply means plenty of wet and dirty diapers. By day five, your baby should have at least 6 wet diapers and 3 to 4 dirty ones daily. Clear or pale yellow urine and soft, yellow stools are signs of adequate milk intake.

Baby's Contentment After Feedings

A well-fed baby generally appears satisfied and relaxed after feeding. If your baby is restless or seems hungry soon after nursing, it might indicate they are not getting enough milk from the breast or pump.

Growth Milestones

Beyond weight, overall growth, development, and meeting milestones are also indicators of good nutrition. If your baby is active, alert according to their age, and achieving developmental milestones, these are good signs they're receiving enough nourishment.

Essential Strategies for Efficient Breast Pumping

Efficient breast pumping is crucial for maintaining milk supply and ensuring your baby receives the nutrition they need. Here are some essential strategies to help you maximize your pumping sessions:

  • Create a Comfortable Setup: Find a quiet, comfortable place to pump where you feel relaxed. Stress can inhibit let-down and reduce the amount of milk expressed. Consider using a comfortable chair, having a small table for your pump, and maybe even setting up some calming music or a book to read.
  • Establish a Routine: Pumping at the same times each day can help maintain a steady milk supply. Your body adapts to this schedule and will start to prepare for milk release at these times, making pumping more effective.
  • Use the Right Equipment: Make sure your breast pump is of good quality and suits your needs. Check that the breast shield size is correct for your nipples to avoid discomfort and ensure efficient milk extraction. Using a double pump can save time by expressing milk from both breasts simultaneously.
  • Invest in a Wearable Breast Pump: For busy mothers seeking efficiency and convenience, consider investing in hands-free options like the eufy wearable breast pump with heating. It features a built-in heating plate with seven adjustable settings (95°F to 105°F) to enhance milk flow and prevent clogs.

Designed to fit all nipple sizes with flange dimensions from 17 mm to 24 mm, its ergonomic 105° angle provides a natural and gentle pumping experience. With up to 300 mmHg of hospital-grade suction, you can customize both suction strength and cycle speed to your needs. The pump's components are BPA-free and made from food-grade materials, ensuring safety and hygiene.


eufy wearable breast pump
  • Stay Hydrated and Nourished: Drinking plenty of fluids and eating a balanced diet are crucial for maintaining a healthy milk supply. Dehydration can reduce your milk output, so keep water nearby during pumping sessions.
  • Practice Hands-On Pumping: Using your hands to massage and compress your breasts while pumping can help stimulate more milk flow and empty the breasts more effectively. This technique can be particularly useful if you struggle with milk supply.
  • Keep Everything Clean: Ensure that all parts of your breast pump that come into contact with milk are thoroughly cleaned and sterilized after each use. This prevents contamination and keeps the pump functioning effectively.
  • Store Milk Properly: Know the guidelines for storing breast milk safely. Freshly pumped milk can be stored in a clean, sealed container in the back of the refrigerator for up to four days or in the freezer for about six months. Proper storage ensures that the milk retains its nutritional and immunological qualities.
  • Monitor Your Output: Keeping track of how much milk you pump can help you notice patterns and identify when there might be a problem with your supply. If you see a significant drop, you can take steps to increase your output, such as adding an extra pumping session.


Navigating the world of breastfeeding and pumping can feel overwhelming, but with the right tools and knowledge, it can become a manageable and even empowering experience. As we've learned, there's no one-size-fits-all answer to the question "How often should I pump if I'm breastfeeding?" The ideal pumping frequency is to establish a routine that mimics your baby's specific feeding pattern and works best for you. By embracing the strategies for efficient pumping outlined, you can maintain your milk supply, enhance comfort, and ensure your baby receives the nutrition they need. Remember, every breastfeeding journey is unique, so trust your instincts and seek support when needed.


What is the best time to pump milk during the day?

The best time to pump milk during the day can vary based on individual schedules and needs, but generally, pumping in the morning is often most effective. Many women find they have a higher milk supply in the mornings. Additionally, pumping about an hour after breastfeeding or between breastfeeding sessions can help maintain and increase milk supply.

Are you supposed to pump every time you breastfeed?

It's not necessary to pump every time you breastfeed, especially if you're exclusively breastfeeding and your baby is feeding well. However, pumping after breastfeeding can help increase your milk supply and build a stash of milk for future use.

Is nursing better than pumping for supply?

Nursing directly from the breast is often more effective at stimulating milk production than pumping. However, pumping can be a useful tool for maintaining milk supply, especially if you need to be away from your baby for an extended period. Both nursing and pumping can be beneficial, depending on your circumstances and preferences.

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