How to Clean A Vacuum? Step-by-step Guide

Vacuums are indispensable tools for upholding cleanliness both at home and in workplaces. Yet, to uphold their efficiency and lifespan, knowing how to clean a vacuum is essential. In this article, we will provide a comprehensive, step-by-step guide on how to clean various parts of your vacuum, from the filter to the brush roll, ensuring it runs smoothly and effectively. Whether you have an upright, canister, or handheld vacuum, our detailed instructions will help you keep your cleaning tool in peak condition!

Why Regular Cleaning Is Crucial for Vacuum?


Regular cleaning of your vacuum can uphold its performance and durability. Over time, dirt and debris accumulate within the vacuum's components, obstructing airflow and reducing suction power. Neglecting to clean the vacuum can lead to diminished performance, increased energy consumption, and even damage to the motor and other internal parts. Additionally, a dirty vacuum can harbor allergens and bacteria, compromising indoor air quality and potentially exacerbating respiratory issues. Therefore, it is necessary to regularly wash vacuum cleaner in your routine, which can prolong the lifespan of your vacuum and maintain optimal cleaning results.

What You'll Need to Clean the Vacuum?

To effectively clean up vacuum cleaner, gather the necessary tools and supplies:

  • Microfiber cloth or sponge
  • Soft-bristled brush or cleaning wand
  • A broom handle to clear hose clogs
  • Scissors or a box knife for removing hair from the brush roller
  • Compressed air for dusting hard-to-reach areas
  • Pipe cleaners to tackle tight spots
  • Mild detergent or vacuum cleaner-specific cleaning solution
  • Screwdriver (if required for disassembly)
  • Replacement filters or bags (if applicable)
  • Gloves to protect your hands from dirt and grime
  • A mask to shield yourself from inhaling dust particles

Step-by-Step Guide to Clean the Vacuum

Follow the step-by-step guide below about how to clean a vacuum cleaner in different parts to ensure your vacuum stays in top condition.

Wear Protective Gear

Put on gloves to protect your hands from dirt and grime before you take action, and wear a mask to prevent inhalation of dust particles while cleaning.

Unplug the Vacuum

Safety is paramount. Before you begin cleaning, always disconnect the vacuum from the power source to prevent any accidents.

Empty the Dustbin or Replace the Bag

If your vacuum has a dustbin, remove it and empty its contents into the trash. For vacuums with disposable bags, replace the bag with a new one. This step ensures optimal suction power and prevents debris from clogging the vacuum's airflow.

Clean or Replace Filters

Before you clean vacuum filter, you should locate the filter in your vacuum. They are often found near the dustbin or within the vacuum's body. Then remove the filter and gently tap it against a hard surface to dislodge accumulated dust and debris. If the filters are washable, rinse them under lukewarm water and air dry completely at least 24 hours before reinstalling. If your vacuum uses disposable filters, replace them with new ones to maintain efficient filtration. For an even simpler solution, consider the HomeVac H30 Mate. Its design includes a rubber ring that cleans hairs from the filter when removing the dust box, and the washable filter can be easily maintained by regular washing and drying, ensuring peak performance.


Inspect and Clean Vacuum Brush

First, remove the brush roll or beater bar from the vacuum head according to the manufacturer's instructions. Then use scissors or a box knife to cut away any hair, string, or debris wrapped around the brush. If the brush is detachable, soak it in warm soapy water for a few minutes to loosen dirt and grime. Scrub gently with a brush, then rinse and air dry thoroughly. Lastly, wipe down the brush housing and vacuum head with a damp cloth to remove any remaining debris. For those looking for an alternative cleaning tool with less manual maintenance, consider the eufy MACH V1. Its Always-Clean Mop feature includes a self-cleaning mode that automatically washes and dries the roller brush, providing a hassle-free deep cleaning experience.


Clean Attachments and Accessories

You can use a damp cloth or sponge to wipe down attachments, hoses, and other accessories. For stubborn stains or grime, use a mild dishwashing soap or spray cleaner to gently remove dirt buildup. Ensure all attachments are completely dry before reattaching them to the vacuum.

Clear and Unclog A Vacuum Hose

To clean a vacuum hose, you can use a broom handle or pipe cleaner to dislodge any debris stuck inside the hose. If the hose is washable, rinse it with lukewarm water and mild detergent. Gently scrub the interior with a brush to remove stubborn dirt. Hang the hose to air dry completely before reattaching it to the vacuum.

Wipe Down the Exterior

Use a clean cloth dampened with water or a mild cleaning solution to wipe down the exterior surfaces of the vacuum, including the housing, handle, and buttons. This helps maintain a clean and hygienic appearance.

Reassemble the vacuum

Once all components are clean and dry, reassemble the vacuum according to the manufacturer's instructions. Ensure that filters, dustbins, and attachments are properly secured to prevent air leaks or performance issues.

Additional Cleaning Tips for Vacuum Maintenance

Here are some additional cleaning tips to enhance your vacuum maintenance routine:

  • Routinely check and replace worn or damaged belts, hoses, and seals to maintain optimal suction power and prevent air leaks.
  • Avoid vacuuming up large debris or liquids that may damage the internal components.
  • Clean the vacuum's wheels and underside regularly to prevent the buildup of dirt and debris.
  • Store the vacuum in a clean, dry area away from moisture and direct sunlight to prevent mold and mildew growth.
  • Consider scheduling professional maintenance or servicing annually to address any potential issues and prolong the vacuum's lifespan.


In conclusion, prioritizing regular cleaning and maintenance is paramount for the efficiency, longevity, and hygiene of your vacuum. By diligently following the step-by-step guide on how to clean a vacuum and integrating additional cleaning tips into your routine, you can effectively preserve your vacuum's performance and enjoy cleaner, healthier indoor spaces for an extended period. Remember, maintaining a clean vacuum enhances its cleaning capabilities and is crucial in improving overall indoor air quality and promoting well-being.


How Often Should I Clean My Vacuum Filters?

To maintain optimal performance, clean washable vacuum filters every 1-3 months. For non-washable filters, replace them every 3-6 months, depending on usage. Regular filter maintenance ensures efficient filtration and extends the lifespan of your vacuum cleaner.

Can I Wash the Inside of a Vacuum?

While it's not advisable to wash the inside of a vacuum (like the motor or electrical components), you can clean removable parts like filters, hoses, and attachments. Soak these washable components in warm, soapy water, and scrub them thoroughly as if handwashing dishes. Ensure they dry completely before reassembling them into the vacuum to maintain optimal performance and hygiene. Always remember to unplug the vacuum before cleaning.

What Is the Best Way to Ensure My Vacuum Cleaner's Longevity?

The best way to ensure your vacuum cleaner's longevity is to follow a few key maintenance practices:

  • Regular Cleaning: Clean the vacuum's filters, brushes, and hoses regularly to prevent clogs and maintain optimal performance.
  • Proper Storage: Store the vacuum in a dry, well-ventilated area to prevent moisture buildup and potential damage.
  • Gentle Handling: Handle the vacuum with care, avoiding rough treatment or heavy impacts that could damage internal components.
  • Scheduled Maintenance: Schedule periodic maintenance checks or servicing by a professional to address any potential issues before they escalate.
  • Use as Intended: Use the vacuum cleaner for the intended purpose and avoid vacuuming up large debris or liquids that could damage the machine.

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